吃药时要远离的食物和饮料

(2009-06-26 10:21:46)
标签: 远离 食物 饮料

  我们病了,难免要吃药。

  一些药物会与一些食物发生作用,影响药效的发挥甚至产生一些对身体有害的物质,我们对此一定要注意。

  美味也会变成砒霜

  1服用维生素C时不能吃虾

  因为二者间有冲突,服用维生素C前后2小时内若吃虾,虾中的铜会氧化维生素C,使其失去药效。还有,虾中的五价砷易与维生素C发生反应,生成具有毒性的三价砷,即毒药砒霜中的主要成分。

  2服用扑尔敏、息斯敏等抗过敏药时,不要吃动物性食物

  因为蛋、奶制品、鸡、鸭、鱼虾蟹等水产和肉动物性食物会与药物二者间会发生反应,产生有害化学成分。

  服用抗过敏药期间忌食奶酪、肉制品等富含组氨酸的食物。因为组氨酸在体内会转化为组织胺,而抗过敏药抑制组织胺分解,造成组织胺蓄积,诱发头晕、头痛、心慌等不适症状。

  3服用止泻药时,不要喝牛奶

  因为止泻药与牛奶相互作用,因为牛奶不仅降低止泻药的药效,其含有的乳糖还容易加重腹泻。

  4服用降压药时,不能吃西柚

  因为降压药与西柚汁冲突,西柚汁的柚皮素会影响肝脏某种酶的功能,而这种酶和降压药的代谢有关,容易造成血液中药物浓度过高,增加副作用。

  5服用钙片时,不能吃菠菜

  这是因为,菠菜含有大量草酸钾,进入体内后电解的草酸根离子会沉淀钙离子,妨碍人体吸收钙,还容易生成草酸钙结石。服钙片前后2小时内不要进食菠菜,或将菠菜先焯一下再食用。

  6服用抗生素时不要喝牛奶或果汁

  这是因为,抗生素与牛奶、果汁冲突。服用抗生素前后2小时内若饮用牛奶,牛奶会降低抗生素活性,使药效无法充分发挥。同时,氯霉素、红霉素等抗生素、磺胺类药物等,可杀死或破坏酸牛奶中的乳酸菌;若在服用抗生素后饮用果汁尤其是新鲜果汁,富含的果酸会加速抗生素溶解,不仅降低药效,还可能增加毒副作用。

  7服用利尿剂时,不要吃香蕉或橘子

  西咪替丁等利尿剂与香蕉、橘子冲突。服利尿剂期间,钾会在血液中滞留,如果食用富含钾的香蕉、橘子,体内钾蓄积过量,易诱发心脏、血压方面的并发症。

  8服用药物时,不要喝茶、可乐、豆浆和咖啡

  这是因为,茶、咖啡、可乐、豆浆会与许多药物发生作用,影响药效。

  另外,服用阿司匹林时,不要喝酒。因为阿司匹林会妨碍乙醛氧化成乙酸,造成体内乙醛蓄积,还容易引起肝损伤。

  对此,菡月提醒大家,服药时一定要注意哦!~

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